Urologists are physicians that diagnose and treat diseases of the urinary tract in men and women and treat conditions involving the reproductive tract in men.
Urology is likely one of the oldest medical specialties and likely dates back to the time of ancient Egyptians and Greeks. There is evidence that suggest urology existed over 4000 years ago in ancient Egypt when surgical instrument used to treat urethral stricture were found at burial sites of the pharaohs. In ancient Greece, doctors which could be considered early urologists frequently examined urine’s color, odor, and texture looking for bubbles, blood, and other signs of disease.
Today urology has evolved substantially from its ancient origins and is a rapidly developing medical specialty focusing on the health of the urinary system and male genital system.
This video is a look at who urologists are, what we do, how we do it and why you should consider becoming a urologist as a rewarding career. This is made with input from many different urologists from across Canada.
Urologists are surgeons. Many of the diseases we treat have surgical options. For example, we frequently surgically remove cancers of the genitourinary system such as prostate, kidney, testes, and bladder and also commonly surgically repair blockages of the urinary tract such as in the case of kidney stones, urethral strictures or an enlarged prostate.
Although urology is a surgical specialty, urologists also have knowledge of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and other specialties because of the wide variety of clinical problems we encounter. Many urologic conditions have medical treatments including erectile dysfunction, urinary tract infections, bladder dysfunction and prostate enlargement to name a few.